paragliding training center
by Had Robinson
Here is a YouTube video of how not to use the brakes. Watch the pilot's hands closely and how he turns. The pilot's errors resulted in a stall and he was very fortunate he was not hurt or killed. The video caught the left riser and lines going slack at the time of the stall. There is NO WARNING whatsoever that a glider is about to stall!
Throughout his flight, the pilot had too much brake, to say nothing of scratching for lift near the terrain. Every inch away the brake toggle is from the riser pulley means that the glider is just that much closer to stall. Some suggest this dangerous advice, "...it is always safer to have some brake while flying because it increases the pressure inside the wing and helps it not to collapse." As Bruce Goldsmith remarks in his book, "50 Ways to Fly Better", keep the hands up with a finger on the brake line, like when fishing. This will help the pilot feel changes in the glider and then, if he is trained well, he will know what to do. If you do not know what to do: KEEP YOUR HANDS UP AT ALL TIMES i.e. less than a few inches of brake. It is safer than giving the wrong kind of input. Also, fly only low EN-B or En-A wings.
The reason all of us naturally apply way too much brake is that it gives us a false sense of security when "...we have this wild mustang under our control by pulling a good bit of brake!" If I were flying a horse, this might be true. It also could apply to riding a bicycle down hill.
No brake or hands up is 1-4 inches away from the riser pulley. However, it is more important to be aware of what the glider is doing over your head. "Where is it?" The right amount of brake while flying is "no brake" except for these situations:
Generally, if a pilot is 1,000' or more above the terrain, he can do anything he likes – but should be certain that he can recover from a possible stall or collapse.
The pilot in the video was scratching (turning) for lift right off the deck. This is exceedingly dangerous, especially if there are thermals present, as there was when he stalled his glider.
I am sorry to say that I, an instructor, have applied too much brake near the terrain, trusting in my skills. As a result, I once was injured (not badly) but it was embarrassing. The only comfort was that I was attempting to help other pilots fly a difficult site. A second time, I was landing in a small and turbulent site that had trees in front. I made a somewhat sharp turn just before landing and got dumped out of the air at about 8'. It was a field of tilled dirt so the landing was benign, thankfully. I also discovered the taste of fresh dirt for the first time. We all need to have much greater fear of applying the brakes at anytime near the terrain.
The pilot did not know how to safely change the forward direction of a paraglider. The correct way is simple:
The pilot in the video either did not know how to turn or was careless. Careless pilots are more likely to have accidents.
Keep your hands up (1"-4" of the pulleys) except as noted in paragraph A above. Practice turning without using any brake. Do not be in a hurry to change direction. All aircraft do not react well to sudden changes of any kind. Do not fly near the terrain when thermals are present (middle of the day). Do not be lazy when turning your glider. NEVER YANK ON THE BRAKES OR ANY OTHER LINE WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE STABILO. The stabilo line is specifically designed to help the pilot clear a cravat. If you are not away from the terrain, the glider is flying, and has a problem, do not try to fix a cravat. Apply as little brake as possible until the flare. Land as soon as possible.