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Virga

by Had Robinson

"Virga is an observable streak or shaft of precipitation that falls from a cloud but evaporates or sublimes before reaching the ground" – Wiki

In the photos below, virga can be seen in the distance at the base of the darker clouds.  There may not be any dangerous air nearby but why take the chance?  However, it is far enough away that the pilot who took the photo was not in any danger.  Virga from towering clouds, on the other hand, can have tremendous force.  It can hit the ground and spread out in all directions like a tidal wave.  The mountains in the distance are the East Potrillo Mountains of south central New Mexico.  This is some of the higher territory near the Continental Divide of the southwest U.S. and, consequently, a region that has more weather.

virga

Virga above the Franklins Mountains north of El Paso, TX.

virga in the Franklin Mountains

As Wiki notes, virga can be extremely hazardous to aviation, especially ultralights.  The high heat of vaporization of the virga creates pockets of cold air which can fall rapidly, gaining momentum until it reaches the ground.  The net effect is a severe downdraft which can be a mile in diameter or just a dozen yards.  An aircraft encountering the vertical shear of the falling air while flying through the surrounding air can be thrown out of control.
 
Like virga, thunderstorms can create downdrafts and shear with often fatal results for pilots.  A recent thunderstorm (1) mile west of Dona Ana County Airport, NM killed the pilot and his pilot passenger.  Both had failed to get available weather information before departing the airport.
 
Ultralights should stay out of the air or land when virga is observed.  Here is a video by Bryan Snider Photography of a powerful microburst in Tucson, AZ.  There was virga associated with this storm.  This storm would have been exceedingly dangerous to be near....

Here is a fully inflated paraglider that hit sheer caused by virga.  The shear was located to the right of the flight path and hit the right half of the glider but not the left half.  Virga is like a cannonball of air dropping out of the sky.  As the glider moved forward the collapse continued across the wing to the left.  The wing re-inflated safely without cravats, damage, or excessive surge.  However, the forces were great enough to break some minor components of the harness.  The pilot had over 1,000' of altitude above ground which would have provided enough time to throw a reserve parachute if there had been a problem.  But throwing a reserve is always a last resort to save your life....

paraglider collapse caused by virga
 
Now, why would anyone with sense fly when virga has been observed?  It is easy to say, "Nothing will happen...."  This is usually the case, but not always.

vulture